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Mobile Data Collection of Cognitive-Behavioral Tasks in Substance Use Disorders: Where Are We Now?

Zech, Hilmar G. ; Reichert, Markus 1; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich W. 1; Tost, Heike; Rapp, Michael A.; Heinz, Andreas; Dolan, Raymond J.; Smolka, Michael N.; Deserno, Lorenz
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Introduction: Over the last decades, our understanding of the cognitive, motivational, and neural processes involved in addictive behavior has increased enormously. A plethora of laboratory-based and cross-sectional studies has linked cognitive-behavioral measures to between-subject differences in drinking behavior. However, such laboratory-based studies inevitably suffer from small sample sizes and the inability to link temporal fluctuations in task measures to fluctuations in real-life substance use. To overcome these problems, several existing behavioral tasks have been transferred to smartphones to allow studying cognition in the field. Method: In this narrative review, we first summarize studies that used existing behavioral tasks in the laboratory and self-reports of substance use with ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in the field. Next, we review studies on psychometric properties of smartphone-based behavioral tasks. Finally, we review studies that used both smartphone-based tasks and self-reports with EMA in the field. Results: Overall, studies were scarce and heterogenous both in tasks and in study outcomes. Nevertheless, existing findings are promising and point toward several methodological recommendations: concerning psychometrics, studies show that – although more systematic studies are necessary – task validity and reliability can be improved, for example, by analyzing several measurement sessions at once rather than analyzing sessions separately. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000145995
Veröffentlicht am 10.05.2022
DOI: 10.1159/000523697
Zitationen: 4
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Zitationen: 6
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2022
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0302-282X, 1423-0224
KITopen-ID: 1000145995
Erschienen in Neuropsychobiology
Verlag Karger Publishers
Band 81
Heft 5
Seiten 438–450
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 29.03.2022
Schlagwörter ecological momentary assessment, behavioral tasks, smartphone, substance use, addiction
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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