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Quality Evaluation of Free-living Validation Studies for the Assessment of 24-Hour Physical Behavior in Adults via Wearables: Systematic Review

Giurgiu, Marco 1; Timm, Irina 1; Becker, Marlissa; Schmidt, Steffen 1; Wunsch, Kathrin 1; Nissen, Rebecca 1; Davidovski, Denis 1; Bussmann, Johannes B. J.; Nigg, Claudio R.; Reichert, Markus 1; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich W. 1; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; von Haaren-Mack, Birte
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Wearable technology is a leading fitness trend in the growing commercial industry and an established method for collecting 24-hour physical behavior data in research studies. High-quality free-living validation studies are required to enable both researchers and consumers to make guided decisions on which study to rely on and which device to use. However, reviews focusing on the quality of free-living validation studies in adults are lacking.

This study aimed to raise researchers’ and consumers’ attention to the quality of published validation protocols while aiming to identify and compare specific consistencies or inconsistencies between protocols. We aimed to provide a comprehensive and historical overview of which wearable devices have been validated for which purpose and whether they show promise for use in further studies.

Peer-reviewed validation studies from electronic databases, as well as backward and forward citation searches (1970 to July 2021), with the following, required indicators were included: protocol must include real-life conditions, outcome must belong to one dimension of the 24-hour physical behavior construct (intensity, posture or activity type, and biological state), the protocol must include a criterion measure, and study results must be published in English-language journals. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000148156
Veröffentlicht am 01.07.2022
DOI: 10.2196/36377
Zitationen: 6
Zitationen: 7
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2022
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2291-5222
KITopen-ID: 1000148156
Erschienen in JMIR mHealth and uHealth
Verlag JMIR Publications
Band 10
Heft 6
Seiten Art.-Nr.: e36377
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 09.06.2022
Schlagwörter wearables; validation; sedentary behavior; physical activity; sleep
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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