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Urban-Rural Differences in Children’s and Adolescent’s Physical Activity and Screen-Time Trends Across 15 Years

Nigg, Carina ORCID iD icon 1; Weber, Christoph; Schipperijn, Jasper; Reichert, Markus; Oriwol, Doris 1; Worth, Annette; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; Niessner, Claudia 1
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


BACKGROUND: Urban and rural areas have been experiencing major demographic and structural changes, characterized by an aging population in rural areas and a growth of cities in number and size. However, it is poorly researched how children's physical activity and screen time developed in urban and rural areas. To address this deficit, we investigated physical activity and screen-time trends in Germany's pediatric population across four urbanicity levels (rural, small town, medium-sized town, city). METHOD: We obtained weighted data at three cross-sectional timepoints between 2003 and 2017, representative for Germany's child and adolescent population. Physical activity and screen time were self-reported. We analyzed trends using a structural equation modeling framework for the overall sample and calculated interactions between the trends and age and gender, respectively. RESULTS: In total, 12,161 children and adolescents between 4 and 17 years participated in the study. Children and adolescents in rural areas experienced a downward trend in total physical activity. Outdoor play and leisure-time physical activity decreased across all areas, with the strongest decline in rural areas. ... mehr

DOI: 10.1177/10901981221090153
Zitationen: 4
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Zitationen: 6
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2022
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1090-1981, 0073-1455, 0195-8402, 1552-6127, 2692-1553, 2732-5601
KITopen-ID: 1000148307
Erschienen in Health Education and Behavior
Verlag SAGE Publications
Band 49
Heft 5
Seiten 789-800
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.05.2022
Schlagwörter Germany, adolescents, built environment, children, trend
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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