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A study on the psychometric properties of the short version of the physical activity enjoyment scale in an adult population

Fritsch, Julian 1; Weyland, Susanne 1; Feil, Katharina 1; Burchartz, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; Schmidt, Steffen 1; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; Strauch, Ulrich 1; Wienke, Benjamin; Jekauc, Darko 1
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


A new measure of the short form of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES-S), including four items, has been developed that focuses on the subjective experience of enjoyment. As validation has so far only been conducted in a youth population, the purpose of the present article was to test the psychometric properties of the measure in an adult population in three studies. In the first study (n = 1017) the results supported the unidimensional structure of the instrument (χ2 = 10.0; df = 2; p < 0.01; CFI = 0.992; RMSEA = 0.063), revealed a satisfactory level of internal consistency (ω = 0.79), and showed that the measure is invariant across gender. The results on factorial validity and internal consistency were generally supported by the second study (n = 482), which additionally showed satisfactory test–retest reliability (r = 0.73). Finally, the third study (n = 1336) also supported the factorial validity and internal consistency of the measure and additionally showed a positive correlation with physical activity (r = 0.40), thus supporting the criterion-related validity of the measure. This more economical version of PACES seems to be particularly useful for large-scale studies.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000152963
Veröffentlicht am 19.12.2022
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2022
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1660-4601, 1661-7827
KITopen-ID: 1000152963
Erschienen in International journal of environmental research and public health
Verlag MDPI
Band 19
Heft 22
Seiten Art.Nr. 15294
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 19.11.2022
Schlagwörter dual-process; intrinsic motivation; maintenance; validity; reliability; gender invariance
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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