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Insights into the single-particle composition, size, mixing state, and aspect ratio of freshly emitted mineral dust from field measurements in the Moroccan Sahara using electron microscopy

Panta, Agnesh; Kandler, Konrad; Alastuey, Andres; González-Flórez, Cristina; González-Romero, Adolfo; Klose, Martina ORCID iD icon 1; Querol, Xavier; Reche, Cristina; Yus-Díez, Jesús; Pérez García-Pando, Carlos
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The chemical and morphological properties of mineral dust aerosols emitted by wind erosion from arid and semi-arid regions influence climate, ocean, and land ecosystems; air quality; and multiple socio-economic sectors. However, there is an incomplete understanding of the emitted dust particle size distribution (PSD) in terms of its constituent minerals that typically result from the fragmentation of soil aggregates during wind erosion. The emitted dust PSD affects the duration of particle transport and thus each mineral's global distribution, along with its specific effect upon climate. This lack of understanding is largely due to the scarcity of relevant in situ measurements in dust sources. To advance our understanding of the physicochemical properties of the emitted dust PSD, we present insights into the elemental composition and morphology of individual dust particles collected during the FRontiers in dust minerAloGical coMposition and its Effects upoN climaTe (FRAGMENT) field campaign in the Moroccan Sahara in September 2019. We analyzed more than 300 000 freshly emitted individual particles by performing offline analysis in the laboratory using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX). ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000157981
Veröffentlicht am 05.05.2023
DOI: 10.5194/acp-23-3861-2023
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 8
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2023
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000157981
HGF-Programm 12.11.35 (POF IV, LK 01) Tailored information for users and stakeholders
Erschienen in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 23
Heft 6
Seiten 3861–3885
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 31.03.2023
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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