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Why Is Online Voting Still Largely a Black Box?

Kirsten, Michael ORCID iD icon 1; Volkamer, Melanie 2; Beckert, Bernhard ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Informationssicherheit und Verlässlichkeit (KASTEL), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Angewandte Informatik und Formale Beschreibungsverfahren (AIFB), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Online elections and polls are increasingly gaining ground. Since the beginning of the pandemic, many associations, companies and agencies opted for online elections at some point. Yet, most of these elections use online voting systems that are a black box for voters, even though the current state of research offers cryptographic means that would allow voters to detect potential manipulations, e.g., by methods for end-to-end (E2E) verifiability. In this paper, we report on qualitative exploratory research to determine the reasons for this situation. We evaluate responses from a panel at a national conference in Germany by specialists from official agencies, industry, and academia, whom we asked why election organizers still largely opt for systems that are not verifiable and how this could be changed. We furthermore present an exploratory study in which we asked program committee members from relevant international conferences to assess the obtained panel responses on their accuracy, relevance, and completeness. Finally, we discuss possible next steps for strengthening our findings and how to implement them to see more verifiable voting systems being used in the future.

Postprint §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000158019
Veröffentlicht am 19.02.2024
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-25460-4_32
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Informatik und Formale Beschreibungsverfahren (AIFB)
Institut für Informationssicherheit und Verlässlichkeit (KASTEL)
Kompetenzzentrum für angewandte Sicherheitstechnologie (KASTEL)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Publikationsjahr 2023
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-3-031-25460-4
ISSN: 0302-9743, 1611-3349
KITopen-ID: 1000158019
HGF-Programm 46.23.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Methods for Engineering Secure Systems
Erschienen in Computer Security. ESORICS 2022 International Workshops – CyberICPS 2022, SECPRE 2022, SPOSE 2022, CPS4CIP 2022, CDT&SECOMANE 2022, EIS 2022, and SecAssure 2022, Copenhagen, Denmark, September 26–30, 2022, Revised Selected Papers. Ed.: S. Katsikas
Veranstaltung 27th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security (ESORICS 2022), Kopenhagen, Dänemark, 26.09.2022 – 30.09.2022
Verlag Springer International Publishing
Seiten 555–567
Serie Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) ; 13785
Projektinformation KASTEL I (BMBF, 01BY1172 / 16BY1172)
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 18.02.2023
Schlagwörter Online voting, Black-box systems, Panel discussion, Qualitative exploratory study
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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