Tin represents a promising material to increase the specific capacity compared to the state of the art graphite anodes in lithium ion cells. The aim of this work is to explain the electrochemical behavior of tin based hydrocarbon nanoparticulate composite electrodes, synthesized by means of a microwave plasma technique without any binder or slurry process. A comprehensive electrochemical character ization shows that adding vinylene carbonate (VC) to the electrolyte improves the electrochemical performance. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and post mortem investigations of the cycled electrode material by X ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) reveal the formation of a polymeric SEI during the first cycles, being responsible for the improvement. The differential capacity plots of the discharging process show that the lithium richest phase (Li22Sn5) is formed during electrochemical loading. A comprehensive characterization with specially designed electrochemical tests finally dem onstrates the decrease of capacity with increasing temperature. This is due to intensified mechanical stresses and a fresh SEI formation. Due to destruction of the electrode material degradation is also observed with increasing current density. ... mehrThe SEI layer on the surface of the electrodes is confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations and energy dispersive X ray spectroscopy (EDS) elemental mapping.