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Nanotoxicity and life cycle assessment: First attempt towards the determination of characterization factors for carbon nanotubes

Garcia-Rodriguez, G.; Zimmermann, B.; Weil, M.

Carbon materials, whether at macro, micro or at nanoscale, play an important role in the battery industry, as they can be used as electrodes, electrode enhancers, bipolar separators, or current collectors. When conducting a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of novel batteries manufacturing processes, we also need to consider the fate of potentially emitted carbon based nanomaterials. However, the knowledge generated in the last decade regarding the behavior of such materials in the environment and its toxicological effects has yet to be included in the Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) methodologies. Conventional databases of chemical products (e.g. ECHA, ECOTOX) offer little information regarding engineered nanomaterials (ENM). It is thus necessary to go one step further and compile physicochemical and toxicological data directly from scientific literature. Such studies do not only differ in their results, but also in their methodologies, and several calls have been made towards a more consistent approach that would allow us model the fate of ENM in the environment as well as their potentially harmful effects. Trying to overcome these limitations we have developed a tool based on Microsoft Excel® combining several methods for the estimation of physicochemical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT). ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/110099486
Veröffentlicht am 12.11.2018
DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/64/1/012029
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 9
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1757-8981, 1757-899X
KITopen-ID: 110099486
HGF-Programm 37.01.12 (POF II, LK 01)
Erschienen in IOP conference series / Materials science and engineering
Verlag IOP Publishing
Band 64
Seiten 012029/1-7
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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