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Magnetic properties of iron cluster/chromium matrix nanocomposites

Fischer, A.; Kruk, R.; Wang, D.; Hahn, H.

A custom-designed apparatus was used for the fine-tuned co-deposition of preformed Fe clusters into antiferromagnetic Cr matrices. Three series of samples with precisely defined cluster sizes, with accuracy to a few atoms, and controlled concentrations were fabricated, followed by a complete characterization of structure and magnetic performance. Relevant magnetic characteristics, reflecting the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic coupling between Fe clusters and the Cr matrix, i.e., blocking temperature, coercivity field, and exchange bias were measured and their dependence on cluster size and cluster concentration in the matrix was analyzed. It is evident that the blocking temperatures are clearly affected by both the cluster size and their concentration in the Cr matrix. In contrast the coercivity shows hardly any dependence on size or inter-cluster distance. The exchange bias was found to be strongly sensitive to the cluster size but not to the inter-cluster distances. Therefore, it was concluded to be an effect that is purely localized at the interfaces.

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.6.117
ISSN: 2190-4286
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-AAA1101011912
KITopen ID: 110101191
HGF-Programm 43.22.01; LK 01
Erschienen in Beilstein journal of nanotechnology
Band 6
Seiten 1158-1163
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