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DOI: 10.5445/IR/110102529
Veröffentlicht am 29.10.2018
DOI: 10.5194/cp-11-1027-2015
Zitationen: 12
Web of Science
Zitationen: 9

A collection of sub-daily pressure and temperature observations for the early instrumental period with a focus on the 'year without a summer' 1816

Brugnara, Y.; Auchmann, R.; Brönnimann, S.; Allan, R.J.; Auer, I.; Barriendos, M.; Bergström, H.; Bhend, J.; Brazdil, R.; Compo, G.P.; Cornes, R.C.; Dominguez-Castro, F.; van Engelen, A.F.V.; Filipiak, J.; Holopainen, J.; Jourdain, S.; Kunz, M.; Luterbacher, J.; Maugeri, M.; Mercalli, L.; ... mehr

The eruption of Mount Tambora (Indonesia) in April 1815 is the largest documented volcanic eruption in history. It is associated with a large global cooling during the following year, felt particularly in parts of Europe and North America, where the year 1816 became known as the “year without a summer”. This paper describes an effort made to collect surface meteorological observations from the early instrumental period, with a focus on the years of and immediately following the eruption (1815–1817). Although the collection aimed in particular at pressure observations, correspondent temperature observations were also recovered. Some of the series had already been described in the literature, but a large part of the data, recently digitised from original weather diaries and contemporary magazines and newspapers, is presented here for the first time. The collection puts together more than 50 sub-daily series from land observatories in Europe and North America and from ships in the tropics. The pressure observations have been corrected for temperature and gravity and reduced to mean sea level. Moreover, an additional statistical correct ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1814-9324, 1814-9332, 1814-9332 = Climate of the past (Online)
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-AAA1101025294
KITopen ID: 110102529
HGF-Programm 12.01.01; LK 01
Erschienen in Climate of the past
Band 11
Heft 8
Seiten 1027-1047
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