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From lithium to sodium: Cell chemistry of room temperature sodium-air and sodium-sulfur batteries

Adelhelm, P.; Hartmann, P.; Bender, C. L.; Busche, M.; Eufinger, C.; Janek, J. 1,2
1 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage Ulm & Karlsruhe (CELEST), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Research devoted to room temperature lithium–sulfur (Li/S8) and lithium–oxygen (Li/O2) batteries has significantly increased over the past ten years. The race to develop such cell systems is mainly motivated by the very high theoretical energy density and the abundance of sulfur and oxygen. The cell chemistry, however, is complex, and progress toward practical device development remains hampered by some fundamental key issues, which are currently being tackled by numerous approaches. Quite surprisingly, not much is known about the analogous sodium-based battery systems, although the already commercialized, high-temperature Na/S8 and Na/NiCl2 batteries suggest that a rechargeable battery based on sodium is feasible on a large scale. Moreover, the natural abundance of sodium is an attractive benefit for the development of batteries based on low cost components. This review provides a summary of the state-of-the-art knowledge on lithium–sulfur and lithium–oxygen batteries and a direct comparison with the analogous sodium systems. The general properties, major benefits and challenges, recent strategies for performance improvements and general guidelines for further development are summarized and critically discussed. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/110102586
Veröffentlicht am 19.10.2018
DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.6.105
Zitationen: 392
Web of Science
Zitationen: 365
Zitationen: 391
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2190-4286
KITopen-ID: 110102586
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Beilstein journal of nanotechnology
Verlag Beilstein-Institut
Band 6
Seiten 1016-1055
Schlagwörter energy storage, lithium–oxygen battery, lithium–sulfur battery, sodium–oxygen battery, sodium–sulfur battery
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere Energie
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