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Verlagsausgabe
DOI: 10.5445/IR/110102586
Veröffentlicht am 19.10.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.6.105
Scopus
Zitationen: 124
Web of Science
Zitationen: 120

From lithium to sodium: Cell chemistry of room temperature sodium-air and sodium-sulfur batteries

Adelhelm, P.; Hartmann, P.; Bender, C.L.; Busche, M.; Eufinger, C.; Janek, J.

Abstract:
Research devoted to room temperature lithium–sulfur (Li/S8) and lithium–oxygen (Li/O2) batteries has significantly increased over the past ten years. The race to develop such cell systems is mainly motivated by the very high theoretical energy density and the abundance of sulfur and oxygen. The cell chemistry, however, is complex, and progress toward practical device development remains hampered by some fundamental key issues, which are currently being tackled by numerous approaches. Quite surprisingly, not much is known about the analogous sodium-based battery systems, although the already commercialized, high-temperature Na/S8 and Na/NiCl2 batteries suggest that a rechargeable battery based on sodium is feasible on a large scale. Moreover, the natural abundance of sodium is an attractive benefit for the development of batteries based on low cost components. This review provides a summary of the state-of-the-art knowledge on lithium–sulfur and lithium–oxygen batteries and a direct comparison with the analogous sodium systems. The general properties, major benefits and challenges, recent strategies for performance improvements and g ... mehr


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2190-4286, 2190-4286 = Beilstein journal of nanotechnology
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-AAA1101025865
KITopen ID: 110102586
HGF-Programm 37.01.01; LK 01
Erschienen in Beilstein journal of nanotechnology
Band 6
Seiten 1016-1055
Schlagworte energy storage, lithium–oxygen battery, lithium–sulfur battery, sodium–oxygen battery, sodium–sulfur battery
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