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The bioliq bioslurry gasification process for the production of biosynfuels, organic chemicals, and energy

Dahmen, N. 1; Henrich, E. 1; Dinjus, E. 1; Weirich, F. 1
1 Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Background: Biofuels may play a significant role in regard to carbon emission reduction in the transportation sector. Therefore, a thermochemical process for biomass conversion into synthetic chemicals and fuels is being developed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) by producing process energy to achieve a desirable high carbon dioxide reduction potential.
Methods: In the bioliq process, lignocellulosic biomass is first liquefied by fast pyrolysis in distributed regional plants to produce an energy-dense intermediate suitable for economic transport over long distances. Slurries of pyrolysis condensates and char, also referred to as biosyncrude, are transported to a large central gasification and synthesis plant. The bioslurry is preheated and pumped into a pressurized entrained flow gasifier, atomized with technical oxygen, and converted at > 1,200°C to an almost tar-free, low-methane syngas.
Results: Syngas - a mixture of CO and H2 - is a well-known versatile intermediate for the selectively catalyzed production of various base chemicals or synthetic fuels. At KIT, a pilot plant has been constructed together with industrial partners to demonstrate the process chain in representative scale. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/120086575
Veröffentlicht am 27.04.2018
DOI: 10.1186/2192-0567-2-3
Zitationen: 92
Zitationen: 97
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2012
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2192-0567
KITopen-ID: 120086575
HGF-Programm 35.03.01 (POF II, LK 01) bioliq-Pilotanlage
Erschienen in Energy, Sustainability and Society
Verlag Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
Band 2
Seiten 3
Schlagwörter bioliq, biomass, bioslurry, biosynfuel, biosyngas, entrained flow gasification, fast pyrolysis, dimethyl ether, gasoline
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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