KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

Microwave plasma synthesis of materials. From physics and chemistry to nanoparticles: A materials scientist's viewpoint

Szabo, D.V.; Schlabach, S.

Abstract:
In this review, microwave plasma gas-phase synthesis of inorganic materials and material groups is discussed from the application-oriented perspective of a materials scientist: why and how microwave plasmas are applied for the synthesis of materials? First, key players in this research field will be identified, and a brief overview on publication history on this topic is given. The fundamental basics, necessary to understand the processes ongoing in particle synthesis—one of the main applications of microwave plasma processes—and the influence of the relevant experimental parameters on the resulting particles and their properties will be addressed. The benefit of using microwave plasma instead of conventional gas phase processes with respect to chemical reactivity and crystallite nucleation will be reviewed. The criteria, how to choose an appropriate precursor to synthesize a specific material with an intended application is discussed. A tabular overview on all type of materials synthesized in microwave plasmas and other plasma methods will be given, including relevant citations. Finally, property examples of three groups of nanomaterials synthesized with microwave plasma methods, bare Fe2O3 nanoparticles, different core/shell ceramic/organic shell nanoparticles, and Sn-based nanocomposites, will be described exemplarily, comprising perspectives of applications.

Open Access Logo


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/120096755
Veröffentlicht am 17.12.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/inorganics2030468
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffprozesstechnik (IAM-WPT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2304-6740
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-AAA1200967557
KITopen-ID: 120096755
HGF-Programm 43.12.01 (POF II, LK 01) Tailored properties of nanomaterials
Erschienen in Inorganics
Verlag MDPI
Band 2
Seiten 468-507
Schlagwörter microwave plasma; gas-phase synthesis; chemical reactions; material; nanoparticles
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page