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Effect of borate on An(III/IV/V and VI) solubility in dilute to concentrated NaCl, CaCl₂ and MgCl₂ solutions

Hinz, K.; Altmaier, M.; Gaona, X. ORCID iD icon; Rabung, T.; Alekseev, E.; Schild, D. ORCID iD icon; Geckeis, H.


The assessment of the long term safety of a nuclear waste repository requires reliable information about the chemistry and migration behavior of actinides. Boron may be present in the repositories for radioactive waste as a component of the emplaced waste. In repositories in rock-salt formations, boron can further be a component of the intruding brine solutions. In the present work, the interaction of Nd(III) (as chemical analogue of An(III)), Th(IV), Pu(IV), Np(V) and U(VI) with borate in dilute to concentrated alkaline NaCl, MgCl2 and CaCl2 solutions was studied at 22 ± 2°C by a comprehensive series of solubility experiments complemented with XRD and XPS measurements. No significant increase in Nd(III) solubility occurred in any of the investigated salt systems in the presence of [B]tot ≤ 0.4 M, compared to borate-free systems. On the contrary, a significant decrease in Nd(III) concentration was observed at pHc ≤ 9 in NaCl and MgCl2 systems with [B]tot ≥ 0.16 M. This observation, together with a clear change in the slope of the solubility curve and the further confirmation by XPS analyses indicated the transformation of Nd(OH)3(am) into a so far unknown Nd(III)-borate solid phase. ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung (INE)
Publikationstyp Vortrag
Publikationsjahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 230098488
HGF-Programm 32.27.01 (POF II, LK 01) Grundlegende Untersuchungen
Veranstaltung 248th American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., August 10-14, 2014
Erscheinungsvermerk 248th American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., August 10-14, 2014
Externe Relationen Abstract/Volltext
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