[{"type":"article-journal","title":"Cosmic Microwave Background as a Thermal Gas of SU(2) Photons : Implications for the High$-z$ Cosmological Model and the Value of H\u2080","issued":{"date-parts":[["2017"]]},"volume":"2017","page":"1\u20139","container-title":"Advances in high energy physics","DOI":"10.1155\/2017\/7525121","author":[{"family":"Hahn","given":"Steffen"},{"family":"Hofmann","given":"Ralf"}],"ISSN":"1687-7357, 1687-7365","abstract":"Presently, we are facing a tension in the most basic cosmological parameter, the Hubble constant . This tension arises when fitting the Lambda-cold-dark-matter model (CDM) to the high-precision temperature-temperature (TT) power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and to local cosmological observations. We propose a resolution of this problem by postulating that the thermal photon gas of the CMB obeys an SU() rather than U() gauge principle, suggesting a high- cosmological model which is void of dark-matter. Observationally, we rely on precise low-frequency intensity measurements in the CMB spectrum and on a recent model independent (low-) extraction of the relation between the comoving sound horizon at the end of the baryon drag epoch and (). We point out that the commonly employed condition for baryon-velocity freeze-out is imprecise, judged by a careful inspection of the formal solution to the associated Euler equation. As a consequence, the above-mentioned tension actually transforms into a discrepancy. To make contact with successful low-\u2009\u2009CDM cosmology we propose an interpolation based on percolated\/depercolated vortices of a Planck-scale axion condensate. For a first consistency test of such an all- model we compute the angular scale of the sound horizon at photon decoupling.","kit-publication-id":"1000076832"}]