[{"type":"thesis","title":"Dynamics and order in graphene-based systems","issued":{"date-parts":[["2020","7","8"]]},"DOI":"10.5445\/IR\/1000120680","genre":"Dissertation","author":[{"family":"Klug","given":"Markus Johannes"}],"publisher":"Karlsruher Institut f\u00fcr Technologie (KIT)","abstract":"The dynamics of out-of-time order correlators is studied in strongly correlated electron systems. This certain type of correlation function is a measure for the process of quantum information scrambling which is linked to the fundamental processes of entanglement growth and thermalization in quantum systems. Particularly interesting are quantum chaotic systems where the scrambling rate specifies the exponential growth of out-of-time order correlators. Whereas the scrambling rate is well defined theoretically, its interpretation in a physical context is still under debate. Furthermore, its role for physical effects and quantities which can be measured in experiments is little understood and deserves further investigation. In the first part of this work, scrambling rates are determined analytically and are analyzed for interacting electrons in graphene and electrons in a disordered metal coupled to a dissipative bath of phonons. A resemblance between the scrambling rate and the single-particle scattering rates is observed. In addition, a proposed link between quantum chaotic dynamics of out-of-time order correlators and the dynamics of fluctuations of observables is investigated. This principle could be used to determine scrambling rates in experiments.\r\nSubsequently, possible electron orders are investigated in the system of small-angle twisted-bilayer graphene in the second part of this work. Here, the interplay between the moir\u00e9 interference pattern and the interlayer hybridization due to a finite interlayer tunneling of electrons causes the bandwidth of the so-called moir\u00e9 bands to depend on the twist-angle. For twist-angles in the vicinity of the magic-angle, interaction effects are strongly enhanced and a series of strong correlation effects is expected. A minimal low-energy model of interacting electrons is derived where relevant electron-electron interaction processes are identified. This model is analyzed with respect to possible electronic ground states as a function of the twist-angle. A tendency towards a formation of nematic states is observed in a weak-coupling regime, whereas various Mott-insulating states are found for strong couplings.","number-of-pages":127,"kit-publication-id":"1000120680"}]