We study the Cauchy problem for an abstract quasilinear stochastic parabolic evolution equation on a Banach space driven by a cylindrical Brownian motion. We prove existence and uniqueness of a local strong solution up to a maximal stopping time, that is characterised by a blow-up alternative. The key idea is an iterative application of the theory about maximal Lp- regularity for semilinear stochastic evolution equations by Van Neerven, Veraar and Weis. We apply our local well-posedness result to a convection-diffusion equation on a bounded domainwith Dirichlet,Neumann ormixed boudary conditions and to a generalizedNavier-Stokes equation describing non-Newtonian fluids. In the first example, we can even show that the solution exists globally.