Contribution: The contribution of this paper is a recursive generalized total least-squares (RGTLS) estimator that offers exponential forgetting and treats data with unequally sized and correlated noise.
Application: RGTLS is used for estimation of vehicle driving resistance parameters. A vehicle longitudinal dynamics model and available control area network (CAN) signals form appropriate estimator inputs and outputs.
Results: We present parameter estimates for the vehicle mass, two coefficients of rolling resistance, and drag coefficient of one test run on public road. Moreover, we compare the results of the proposed RGTLS estimator with two kinds of recursive least-squares (RLS) estimators.
Discussion: While RGTLS outperforms RLS with simulation data, the recursive least squares with multiple forgetting (RLSMF) estimator  provides superior accuracy and sufficient robustness through orthogonal parameter projection with experimental data.