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Tracking of Physical Fitness of Primary School Children in Trier: A 4-Year Longitudinal Study

Roth, Andreas; Schmidt, Steffen C. E.; Seidel, Ilka; Woll, Alexander; Bös, Klaus

Objective. The aim of this study is to measure the motor development and tracking of physical fitness (PF) components of primary school children of Trier in Germany. Methods. Two longitudinal cohorts, of 1768 children (915 f, 853 m) aged 5–11, were measured. In longitudinal cohort 1, a total of 116 female and 137 male participants aged years at baseline were measured four times from grade 1 to grade 4 (response: 40.4%). Participants of longitudinal cohort 2 (166 f, 149 m; years at baseline, response: 42.6%) were examined three times from grade 1 to grade 3 with the German Motor Test 6–18 (DMT 6–18). Results. Physical fitness increased significantly over time in all test tasks except flexibility. Gender-specific differences were found in 20 m sprint, 6-minute run, balancing backwards, jumping sideways, and stand and reach. 74.4% of PF stability coefficients were moderate ( to 0.60). Stability of PF declined with increased time frames. Tracking was lower in girls than in boys. Flexibility showed the highest stability among PF variables ( > 0.50). BMI showed the overall highest stability coefficient with > 0.7. Conclusions. Ge ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000082519
Veröffentlicht am 16.05.2018
DOI: 10.1155/2018/7231818
Zitationen: 2
Web of Science
Zitationen: 3
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2314-6133, 2314-6141
KITopen-ID: 1000082519
Erschienen in BioMed research international
Band 2018
Seiten Article: 7231818
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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