Regulations and other demands to enhance automobile fuel economy are growing increasingly strict to reduce CO2 as a measure to address the issues of global warming. The goal of this study was to enhance the fuel economy in high-load operation of a gasoline engine for hybrid vehicles, which is a useful means of addressing this issue. Technology for achieving lean combustion in high-load operation was studied to realize higher brake thermal efficiency by increasing the ratio of specific heat compared to theoretical air-fuel ratio (stoichiometric) EGR combustion. Issues for applying lean combustion to high-load operation include 1) the increased oxygen molarity results in increased knocking tendency compared to stoichiometric EGR combustion, and 2) increased leanness results in greater combustion variation due to the ignition delay period and the delayed second half of the combustion period. In order to solve these issues at lean operation, several combustion methods are examined on test bench. In this test study, Pre-chamber stratified combustion has an advantage of lean operation performance. Ignitability and high-speed combustion pe ... mehrriod of pre-chamber combustion was secured by setting the ignition areas inside the pre-chamber to the rich side relative to the total air-fuel ratio (A/F). NOx emissions are an issue for stratified combustion, but NOx emissions can be reduced by setting the pre-chamber A/F to approximately 23 and by making the pre-chamber volume sufficiently small compared to the main combustion chamber volume. Tests were performed using a single-cylinder engine to determine the pre-chamber volume and the diameter and number of jet nozzles. The pre-chamber volume and the diameter and number of jet nozzles were set under the restriction of dP/dθ, which is the index of combustion noise, as the target value or less. This specification realized minimum advance for the best torque (MBT) operation with an A/F of 35 at 2000 rpm, IMEP 810 kPa. The heat release characteristics of prechamber combustion shows that unlike the typical combustion pattern using strong flow, the heat release characteristics have two peaks. The first peak is the flame state wherein the jet flame has spread throughout the entire combustion chamber. This shows that the amount of heat released inside the pre-chamber enabled the flame jets from the jet nozzles to spread within the main combustion chamber. The second peak is the state wherein the unburned gas around the spread jet flames is all burning instantaneously. This combustion state results in rapid and stable combustion during the second half of combustion. This combustion characteristic realized MBT lean combustion in high-load operation. The balance between the compression ratio and the surface volume ratio (S/V) was reviewed to counter the drop in efficiency due to the increased S/V as a result of adding a pre-chamber, and this enabled MBT operation at 2000 rpm, IMEP 870 kPa, A/F 35 with an IMEP variation rate of 1.2 %, a main combustion period of 18 deg, and NOx of 30 ppm. Together with the effects of heat insulation coating inside the pre-chamber, this enhanced the brake thermal efficiency by +2 point compared to stoichiometric EGR combustion.