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Study of Gasoline Pre-chamber combustion at Lean Operation

Kimura, Noritaka; Kobayashi, Hiroki; Ishikawa, Naohiro

Abstract:
Regulations and other demands to enhance automobile fuel economy are growing increasingly strict to reduce CO2 as a measure to address the issues of global warming. The goal of this study was to enhance the fuel economy in high-load operation of a gasoline engine for hybrid vehicles, which is a useful means of addressing this issue. Technology for achieving lean combustion in high-load operation was studied to realize higher brake thermal efficiency by increasing the ratio of specific heat compared to theoretical air-fuel ratio (stoichiometric) EGR combustion. Issues for applying lean combustion to high-load operation include 1) the increased oxygen molarity results in increased knocking tendency compared to stoichiometric EGR combustion, and 2) increased leanness results in greater combustion variation due to the ignition delay period and the delayed second half of the combustion period. In order to solve these issues at lean operation, several combustion methods are examined on test bench. In this test study, Pre-chamber stratified combustion has an advantage of lean operation performance. Ignitability and high-speed combustion period of pre-chamber combustion was secured by setting the ignition areas inside the pre-chamber to the rich side relative to the total air-fuel ratio (A/F). ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000088589
Veröffentlicht am 08.06.2019
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Kolbenmaschinen (IFKM)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-3-8169-3449-3
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-885894
KITopen-ID: 1000088589
Erschienen in Ignition Systems for Gasoline Engines : 4th International Conference, December 6 - 7, 2018, Berlin, Germany. Ed.: M. Günther
Verlag expert Verlag, Tübingen
Seiten 275-291
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