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Valence and Motivation as Predictors of Student Time Use in Everyday Life: An Experience Sampling Study

Koudela-Hamila, Susanne; Grund, Axel; Santangelo, Philip; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich W.

Popular descriptions of studying frequency show remarkable discrepancies: students complain about their workload, and alumni describe freedom and pleasure. Unfortunately, empirical evidence on student time use is sparse. To investigate time use and reveal contributing psychological factors, we conducted an e-diary study. One hundred fifty-four students reported their time use and valence hourly over 7 days, both at the start of the semester and during their examination period. Motivational problems, social support and self-control were assessed once via questionnaires. Whereas the mean academic time use was in the expected range, the between-subject differences were substantial. We used multilevel modeling to separately analyze the within- and between-subject associations of valence as within factor and time use and social support, self-control, and motivation as between factors and time use. The analyses revealed the importance of affective factors on a within-subject level. Before studying, valence was already low, and it deteriorated further during studying. As expected at the between-subject level, motivational problems were related to less time studying, whereas surprisingly, self-control had no effect. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000096188
Veröffentlicht am 04.07.2019
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01430
Web of Science
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
House of Competence (HoC)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-1078
KITopen-ID: 1000096188
Erschienen in Frontiers in psychology
Band 10
Seiten Art.Nr. 1430
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 19.06.2019
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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