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Review article: Natural hazard risk assessments at the global scale

Ward, P. J.; Blauhut, V.; Bloemendaal, N.; Daniell, J. E.; Ruiter, M. C. de; Duncan, M.; Emberson, R.; Jenkins, S. F.; Kirschbaum, D.; Kunz, M.; Mohr, S.; Muis, S.; Riddell, G.; Schäfer, A.; Stanley, T.; Veldkamp, T. I. E.; Winsemius, H. C.

Abstract (englisch):
Since 1990, natural hazards have led to over 1.6 million fatalities globally, and economic losses are estimated at an average of around $260–310 billion per year. The scientific and policy community recognise the need to reduce these risks. As a result, the last decade has seen a rapid development of global models for assessing risk from natural hazards at the global scale. In this paper, we review the scientific literature on natural hazard risk assessments at the global scale, and specifically examine whether and how they have examined future projections of hazard, exposure, and/or vulnerability. In doing so, we examine similarities and differences between the approaches taken across the different hazards, and identify potential ways in which different hazard communities can learn from each other. For example, we show that global risk studies focusing on hydrological, climatological, and meteorological hazards, have included future projections and disaster risk reduction measures (in the case of floods), whilst these are missing in global studies related to geological hazards. The methods used for projecting future exposure in the former could be applied to the geological studies. ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5194/nhess-2019-403
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Geophysikalisches Institut (GPI)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2195-9269
KITopen-ID: 1000105417
HGF-Programm 12.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Proc.res.f.multisc.predictab.of weather
Erschienen in Natural hazards and earth system sciences discussions
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 2019
Seiten 1–46
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.12.2019
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