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Evaluation of the Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation in global climate models for the SPARC QBO‐initiative

Bushell, A. C.; Anstey, J. A.; Butchart, N.; Kawatani, Y.; Osprey, S. M.; Richter, J. H.; Serva, F.; Braesicke, P.; Cagnazzo, C.; Chen, C.‐C.; Chun, H.‐Y.; Garcia, R. R.; Gray, L. J.; Hamilton, K.; Kerzenmacher, T.; Kim, Y.‐H.; Lott, F.; McLandress, C.; Naoe, H.; Scinocca, J.; ... mehr

Abstract:
The Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation initiative (QBOi) is a model intercomparison programme that specifically targets simulation of the QBO in current global climate models. Eleven of the models or model versions that participated in a QBOi intercomparison study have upper boundaries in or above the mesosphere and therefore simulate the region where the stratopause semiannual oscillation (SAO) is the dominant mode of variability of zonal winds in the tropical upper stratosphere. Comparisons of the SAO simulations in these models are presented here. These show that the model simulations of the amplitudes and phases of the SAO in zonal‐mean zonal wind near the stratopause agree well with the information derived from available observations. However, most of the models simulate time‐average zonal winds that are more westward than determined from observations, in some cases by several tens of m·s$^{–1}$. Validation of wave activity in the models is hampered by the limited observations of tropical waves in the upper stratosphere but suggests a deficit of eastward forcing either by large‐scale waves, such as Kelvin waves, or by gravity waves.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000117746
Veröffentlicht am 16.03.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/qj.3765
Scopus
Zitationen: 2
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0035-9009, 1477-870X
KITopen-ID: 1000117746
HGF-Programm 12.04.03 (POF III, LK 01)
Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Change
Erschienen in Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Seiten qj.3765
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 14.03.2020
Schlagwörter equatorial wind, QBO, SAO, semiannual oscillation, stratosphere
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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