KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

Overview of H-Formulation: A Versatile Tool for Modeling Electromagnetics in High-Temperature Superconductor Applications

Shen, Boyang; Grilli, Francesco 1; Coombs, Tim
1 Institut für Technische Physik (ITEP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


This paper reviews the modeling of high-temperature superconductors (HTS) using the finiteelement method (FEM) based on the H-formulation of Maxwell's equations. This formulation has become the most popular numerical modeling method for simulating the electromagnetic behavior of HTS, especially thanks to the easiness of implementation in the commercial finite-element program COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerous studies prove that the H-formulation is able to simulate a wide scope of HTS topologies, from simple geometries such as HTS tapes and coils, to more complex HTS devices, up to large superconducting magnets. In this paper, we review the basics of the H-formulation, its evolution from 2D to 3D, its application for calculating critical currents and AC losses as well as magnetization of HTS bulks and tape stacks. We also review the use of the H-formulation for large-scale HTS applications, its use to solve multi-physics problems involving electromagnetic-thermal and electromagnetic-mechanical couplings, and its application to study the dynamic resistance of superconductors and flux pumps.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120050
Veröffentlicht am 08.06.2020
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2996177
Zitationen: 165
Zitationen: 169
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technische Physik (ITEP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 09.06.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2169-3536
KITopen-ID: 1000120050
HGF-Programm 37.06.02 (POF III, LK 01) New Power Network Technology
Erschienen in IEEE access
Verlag Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Band 8
Seiten 100403–100414
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 21.05.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page