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Soil moisture: variable in space but redundant in time

Mälicke, Mirko; Hassler, Sibylle K.; Blume, Theresa; Weiler, Markus; Zehe, Erwin

Soil moisture at the catchment scale exhibits a huge spatial variability. This suggests that even a large amount of observation points would not be able to capture soil moisture variability.

We present a measure to capture the spatial dissimilarity and its change over time. Statistical dispersion among observation points is related to their distance to describe spatial patterns. We analyzed the temporal evolution and emergence of these patterns and used the mean shift clustering algorithm to identify and analyze clusters. We found that soil moisture observations from the 19.4 km2 Colpach catchment in Luxembourg cluster in two fundamentally different states. On the one hand, we found rainfall-driven data clusters, usually characterized by strong relationships between dispersion and distance. Their spatial extent roughly matches the average hillslope length in the study area of about 500 m. On the other hand, we found clusters covering the vegetation period. In drying and then dry soil conditions there is no particular spatial dependence in soil moisture patterns, and the values are highly similar beyond hillslope scale.

By combining uncertainty propagation with information theory, we were able to calculate the information content of spatial similarity with respect to measurement uncertainty (when are patterns different outside of uncertainty margins?). ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120184
Veröffentlicht am 16.06.2020
DOI: 10.5194/hess-24-2633-2020
Zitationen: 4
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Zitationen: 4
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Wasser und Gewässerentwicklung (IWG)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1607-7938
KITopen-ID: 1000120184
Erschienen in Hydrology and earth system sciences
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 24
Heft 5
Seiten 2633–2653
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Gefördert vom Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst Baden-Württemberg (MWK) im Rahmen des Open-Access-Förderprogramms "BW BigDIWA"
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 25.05.2020
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