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Trends and drivers in alternative thermal conversion of waste

Stapf, D. [Hrsg.]; Ciceri, G.; Johansson, I.

Abstract (englisch):

IEA bioenergy Task 36 “Material and energy valorisation of waste in a circular economy” prepared this report about trends in waste management for the example of municipal solid waste (MSW). Within the waste hierarchy, recycling is given preference over recovery, and waste-to-energy (WtE) conversion is given preference over landfilling. MSW is non-hazardous household and commercial waste, of which more than one third typically is biogenic in origin. Incineration represents the state-of-the-art WtE technology; alternative thermal treatment technologies such as gasification and pyrolysis have had far fewer applications to MSW due to economic factors and relatively low technology readiness. This is a situation that is currently changing. Specifically in the European Union (EU) technologies develop and new pathways are sought.
Major trends in the EU are driven by legislation and implementation goals, some of which are country specific:
• banning of landfilling in combination with limited social acceptance and, in some countries, legal restrictions for additional incineration capacity
• increasing waste generated or imported in combination with limited incineration capacities have led to increased waste treatment cost (gate fees) and waste exports
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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000124179
Veröffentlicht am 05.10.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technische Chemie (ITC)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsdatum 16.09.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000124179
HGF-Programm 34.14.03 (POF III, LK 01) Gasreinigung und Aerosol Technologien
Verlag IEA
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung IEA Bioenergy Task 36
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