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Impact of Particle Size Distribution on Performance of Lithium‐Ion Batteries

Bläubaum, Lars; Röder, Fridolin; Nowak, Christine; Chan, Seng Hoon; Kwade, Arno; Krewer, Ulrike

Abstract:
This work reveals the impact of particle size distribution of spherical graphite active material on negative electrodes in lithium‐ion batteries. Basically all important performance parameters, i. e. charge/discharge characteristics, capacity, coulombic and energy efficiencies, cycling stability and C‐rate capability are shown to be affected by distribution shapes. A narrow distribution with smaller particles results in better cell performance than broader and coarser distributions. However, particle size reduction has a limitation as extremely small particles show negative effect in performance. More critically, independent of the particle size distribution, the existence of coarse particles are found to promote lithium plating, which lowers cell performance and threatens the safety of battery operation. Furthermore, impedance analysis and cycling stability show huge differences for different electrodes. Our study shows that a better understanding of the influence of particle size distribution is an important base to engineer electrodes with higher C‐rate capability, higher performance, and lower safety risk due to lithium plating.


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000128018
Veröffentlicht am 29.12.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/celc.202001249
Scopus
Zitationen: 10
Web of Science
Zitationen: 7
Dimensions
Zitationen: 12
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IAM-WET)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Elektrochemische Technologien (IAM-ET)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 01.12.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2196-0216, 2196-0216
KITopen-ID: 1000128018
Erschienen in ChemElectroChem
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 7
Heft 23
Seiten 4755–4766
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 28.10.2020
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Scopus
Web of Science
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