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Influence of Layer Thickness on the Drying of Lithium‐Ion Battery Electrodes—Simulation and Experimental Validation

Kumberg, Jana 1; Baunach, Michael 1; Eser, Jochen C. 1; Altvater, Andreas 1; Scharfer, Philip 1; Schabel, Wilhelm 1
1 Institut für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik (TVT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

In this work, a detailed study of the drying of battery electrodes of different thicknesses is presented. A mathematical model to calculate the solvent loading and film temperature over the drying time is experimentally validated. The model is based on a first study presenting a simulation model to predict the drying course when linear drying kinetics prevail and no resistance exists for solvent transport within the film. To shed some light on the drying behavior of electrode films with different thicknesses, the start of capillary pore emptying is observed using a digital microscope. In the experiments, an onset of capillary transport even before the end of film shrinkage is observed for the electrode films with thicknesses above state-of-the-art-thickness. A clusterwise drying behavior becomes more distinct for thicker electrodes, with large areas of dry and wet capillaries next to each other, compared to a more homogenous drying of the thin electrodes. Based on these findings, the linear model is extended to consider transport limitations within the porous electrode film in the form of a moving drying front. The experiments show an increasing deviation from the linear model with increasing electrode thickness and the extended simulation, which considers transport resistances within the film, shows good agreement.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000131339
Veröffentlicht am 12.04.2021
DOI: 10.1002/ente.202100013
Zitationen: 2
Web of Science
Zitationen: 2
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik (TVT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2194-4288, 2194-4296
KITopen-ID: 1000131339
HGF-Programm 43.31.02 (POF IV, LK 01) Devices and Applications
Erschienen in Energy technology
Verlag Wiley-VCH Verlag
Band 9
Heft 5
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 2100013
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 29.03.2021
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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