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Assessment of site-specific greenhouse gas emissions of chemical producers: Case studies of propylene and toluene diisocyanate

Müller, Richard C.; Schiessl, Andreas; Volk, Rebekka ORCID iD icon; Schultmann, Frank


The chemical industry accounts for 20% of global industrial greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the plastics production is increasing worldwide by approx. 4% annually. To reduce GHG emissions and increase GHG transparency in chemical value chains despite industrial secrets, we developed an approach to estimate the product carbon footprint of chemicals site-specifically without using classified production data. The new approach, is applied to two comparative case studies: propylene and toluene diisocyanate (TDI) production in Germany. The case study analyses 23 crackers on 17 production sites and four TDI production sites in Germany. The results indicate significant GHG emissions variations between productions sites (Cradle-to-Gate) that could not be quantified before. Among the production sites, product-specific GHG emissions range between 0.95 and 1.51 kgCO2e/kg propylene (reduction potential of GHG emissions of 37.1%) and between 3.17 and 3.62 kgCO2e/kg TDI (reduction potential of GHG emissions of 12.4%). This indicates massive differences in GHG efficiency in the production of propylene and TDI and an immense GHG emission reduction potential in the manufacture of plastic-intensive products (e.g. ... mehr

Postprint §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135235
Veröffentlicht am 15.07.2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.128086
Zitationen: 6
Zitationen: 6
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und Industrielle Produktion (IIP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 01.10.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0959-6526
KITopen-ID: 1000135235
Erschienen in Journal of cleaner production
Verlag Elsevier
Band 317
Seiten Article no: 128086
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 12.07.2021
Schlagwörter LCA; CO2e; Carbon footprint; Chemical industry; Petrochemistry; Product assessment; Energy efficient production
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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