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Strategies for an adaptive control system to improve power grid resilience with smart buildings

Ahrens, Mischa; Kern, Fabian; Schmeck, Hartmut 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Low-voltage distribution grids face new challenges through the expansion of decentralized, renewable energy generation and the electrification of the heat and mobility sectors. We present a multi-agent system consisting of the energy management systems of smart buildings, a central grid controller, and the local controller of a transformer. It can coordinate the provision of ancillary services for the local grid in a centralized way, coordinated by the central controller, and in a decentralized way, where each building makes independent control decisions based on locally measurable data. The presented system and the different control strategies provide the foundation for a fully adaptive grid control system we plan to implement in the future, which does not only provide resilience against electricity outages but also against communication failures by appropriate switching of strategies. The decentralized strategy, meant to be used during communication failures, could also be used exclusively if communication infrastructure is generally unavailable. The strategies are evaluated in a simulated scenario designed to represent the most extreme load conditions that might occur in low-voltage grids in the future. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000137038
Veröffentlicht am 12.09.2021
DOI: 10.3390/en14154472
Zitationen: 9
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Zitationen: 9
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Informatik und Formale Beschreibungsverfahren (AIFB)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1073
KITopen-ID: 1000137038
Erschienen in Energies
Verlag MDPI
Band 14
Heft 15
Seiten 4472
Schlagwörter smart grid; resilient infrastructure; energy management systems; building energy management; ancillary services; organic computing; decentralized energy resources; multi-agent systems
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere EnergieZiel 9 – Industrie, Innovation und Infrastruktur
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