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Charge induced enhancement of water adsorption on nanoparticle ions

Nachbar, Mario; Dresch, Thomas; Duft, Denis ORCID iD icon; Leisner, Thomas ORCID iD icon

Abstract (englisch):

Water and other polar molecules experience an attractive force in the inhomogeneous electric field of small molecular ions or charged nanoparticles. This charge induced attractive force increases the collision cross section, and, hence, impacts the adsorption rates compared to neutral particle interactions. While ion-molecule interactions have been studied extensively, experimental data are still lacking regarding the interaction of polar molecules with nanoparticles whose radii exceed the Langevin capture radius. Precise knowledge of this effect is crucial, e.g. for describing the formation and growth of atmospheric nanoparticles and for understanding the role of charged particles in cloud formation. We present experimental results for the charge induced enhancement of the collision cross section between H2O molecules and singly charged nanoparticles with radii between 1.4 nm and 3 nm. The enhancement factor Γ with respect to the geometrical cross section increases with decreasing particle size. We also present a new model for Γ based on Stark effect adiabatic dipole orientations, which is in excellent agreement with the experimental findings.

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000137691
Veröffentlicht am 21.09.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Poster
Publikationsdatum 03.09.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000137691
HGF-Programm 12.11.12 (POF IV, LK 01) Atmospheric chemistry processes
Veranstaltung DPG-Tagung der Sektion Materie und Kosmos (SMuK 2021), Online, 30.08.2021 – 03.09.2021
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, SMuK 2021, Fachverband Umweltphysik, UP6.1
Schlagwörter condensation; adsorption; ion-molecule interaction; nanoparticles; H₂O; polar molecules; Stark-Effect; collision cross section
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