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Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes

Horstmann, Birger; Shi, Jiayan; Amine, Rachid; Werres, Martin; He, Xin; Jia, Hao; Hausen, Florian; Cekic-Laskovic, Isidora; Wiemers-Meyer, Simon; Lopez, Jeffrey; Galvez-Aranda, Diego; Baakes, Florian ORCID iD icon 1; Bresser, Dominic 2; Su, Chi-Cheung; Xu, Yaobin; Xu, Wu; Jakes, Peter; Eichel, Rüdiger-A.; Figgemeier, Egbert; ... mehr


Despite the continuous increase in capacity, lithium-ion intercalation batteries are approaching their performance limits. As a result, research is intensifying on next-generation battery technologies. The use of a lithium metal anode promises the highest theoretical energy density and enables use of lithium-free or novel high-energy cathodes. However, the lithium metal anode suffers from poor morphological stability and Coulombic efficiency during cycling, especially in liquid electrolytes. In contrast to solid electrolytes, liquid electrolytes have the advantage of high ionic conductivity and good wetting of the anode, despite the lithium metal volume change during cycling. Rapid capacity fade due to inhomogeneous deposition and dissolution of lithium is the main hindrance to the successful utilization of the lithium metal anode in combination with liquid electrolytes. In this perspective, we discuss how experimental and theoretical insights can provide possible pathways for reversible cycling of twodimensional lithium metal. Therefore, we discuss improvements in the understanding of lithium metal nucleation, deposition, and stripping on the nanoscale. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000137855
Veröffentlicht am 23.09.2021
DOI: 10.1039/d1ee00767j
Zitationen: 167
Web of Science
Zitationen: 169
Zitationen: 179
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage Ulm & Karlsruhe (CELEST)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Elektrochemische Technologien (IAM-ET1)
Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 13.10.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1754-5692, 1754-5706
KITopen-ID: 1000137855
HGF-Programm 38.02.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Energy & environmental science
Verlag Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Band 14
Heft 10
Seiten 5289-5314
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 29.07.2021
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere Energie
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