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Genetic engineering, breeding and biodiversity. Summary

Meyer, R.; Revermann, C.; Sauter, A.

Abstract (englisch):

Will the use of genetic breeding techniques finally destroy the remaining agricultural diversity of varieties, or can modern biotechnology actually help in the conservation and use of global biodiversity? What strategies are being discussed for the long-term protection of biodiversity, what role can international agreements play in this? And what political possibilities or necessities for action result from this? These are the guiding questions of this study commissioned by the German Bundestag. On the basis of an overview of the situation of biological diversity in Germany and worldwide, as well as of the status and perspectives of plant breeding, the authors describe chains of effects that can emanate from the use of new plant varieties in agriculture. In particular, they ask whether the use of genetic engineering methods will exert qualitatively new influences compared to conventional breeding approaches. Based on this technology-centred perspective, the need for action with regard to the conservation of agricultural diversity as a whole is discussed, with concepts of comprehensive coordination and integration at the spatial, content-related, institutional and political levels forming the core of the proposals.

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000137916
Veröffentlicht am 29.10.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 04.1998
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000137916
HGF-Programm 21.11.01 (Vor POF, LK 01)
Verlag Büro für Technikfolgen-Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag (TAB)
Umfang 10 S.
Serie TAB Working report ; 55
Externe Relationen Siehe auch
Schlagwörter Biodiversity; Biotechnology; Research and technology; Genetic engineering; Technology Assessment; Agriculture; Plant Breedin
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