In an environment which is marked by an increasing speed of changes, industrial companies have to be able to quickly adapt to new market demands and innovative technologies. This leads to a need for continuous adaption of existing production systems and the optimization of their production control. To tackle this problem digitalization of production systems has become essential for new and existing systems. Digital twins based on simulations of real production systems allow the simplification of analysis processes and, thus, a better understanding of the systems, which leads to broad optimization possibilities. In parallel, machine learning methods can be integrated to process the numerical data and discover new production control strategies. In this work, these two methods are combined to derive a production control logic in a semi-automated production system based on the chaku-chaku principle. A reinforcement learning method is integrated into the digital twin to autonomously learn a superior production control logic for the distribution of tasks between the different workers on a production line.
By analyzing the influence of different reward shaping and hyper-parameter optimization on the quality and stability of the results obtained, the use of a well-configured policy-based algorithm enables an efficient management of the workers and the deduction of an optimal production control logic for the production system. ... mehrThe algorithm manages to define a control logic that leads to an increase in productivity while having a stable task assignment so that a transfer to daily business is possible. The approach is validated in the digital twin of a real assembly line of an automotive supplier.
The results obtained suggest a new approach to optimizing production control in production lines. Production control shall be centered directly on the workers’ routines and controlled by artificial intelligence infused with a global overview of the entire production system.