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Thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies for the development of Brazilian biomass utilization

Schmitt, Caroline Carriel; Fonseca, Frederico Gomes ORCID iD icon; Fraga, Mariana M. Campos; Wisniewski, Jr, Alberto; Karp, Susan; José, Álvaro Henrique Mello; Rodrigues, Rita C. L. B. L.; Moreira, Renata; Hirayama, Danilo Eiji; Raffelt, Klaus; Dahmen, Nicolaus


The social, economic, and environmental impacts of climate change have been shown to affect poorer populations throughout the world disproportionally, and the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020–2021 has only exacerbated the use of less sustainable energy, fuel, and chemical sources. The period of economic and social recovery following the pandemic presents an unprecedented opportunity to invest in biorefineries based on the pyrolysis of agricultural residues. These produce a plethora of sustainable resources while also contributing to the economic valorization of first-sector local economies. However, biomass-derived pyrolysis liquid is highly oxygenated, which hinders its long-term stability and usability. Catalytic hydrogenation is a proposed upgrading method to reduce this hindrance, while recent studies on the use of nickel and niobium as low-cost catalysts, both abundant in Brazil, reinforce the potential synergy between different economic sectors within the country. This review gathers state-of-the-art applications of these technologies with the intent to guide the scientific community and lawmakers alike on yet another alternative for energy and commodities production within an environmentally sustainable paradigm.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000141721
Veröffentlicht am 13.01.2022
DOI: 10.3390/catal11121549
Zitationen: 6
Zitationen: 5
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2073-4344
KITopen-ID: 1000141721
HGF-Programm 38.05.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Anthropogenic Carbon Cycle
Erschienen in Catalysts
Verlag MDPI
Band 11
Heft 12
Seiten 1549
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagwörter biomass; fast pyrolysis; catalytic conversion; hydrodeoxygenation; catalysts; catalytic pyrolysis; agriculture residues; biorefineries; bioeconomy
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