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Magnetohydrodynamic Enhanced Entry System for Space Transportation (MEESST) as a Key Building Block for Future Exploration Missions

La Rosa Betancourt, Manuel; Collier-Wright, Marcus; Bögel, Elias; Martin Lozano, Jaime; Lani, Andrea; Herdrich, Georg; Thoemel, Jan; Kim, Min Kwan; Magin, Thierry; Schlachter, Sonja ORCID iD icon; Tanchon, Julien; Grosse, Veit; Casagrande, Angelo

Abstract (englisch):

Aside from the launch environment, atmospheric re-entry imposes one of the most demanding environments which a
spacecraft can experience. The combination of high spacecraft velocity and the presence of atmospheric particles leads
to partially ionised gas forming around the vehicle, which significantly inhibits radio communications, and leads to the
generation of high thermal loads on the spacecraft surface. Currently, the latter is solved using expensive, heavy, and
often expendable thermal protection systems (TPS). The use of electromagnetic fields to exploit Magnetohydrodynamic
(MHD) principles has long been considered as an attractive solution for this problem. By displacing the ionised gas away
from the spacecraft, the thermal loads can be reduced, while also opening a magnetic window for radio waves, mitigating
the blackout phenomenon. The application of this concept has to date not been possible due to the large magnetic fields
required, which would necessitate the use of exceptionally massive and power-hungry copper coils. High Temperature
Superconductors (HTS) have now reached industrial maturity. HTS coils can now offer the necessary low weight and
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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000141932
Veröffentlicht am 30.01.2023
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technische Physik (ITEP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0007-084X
KITopen-ID: 1000141932
HGF-Programm 38.05.03 (POF IV, LK 01) High Temperature Superconductivity
Erschienen in Journal of the British Interplanetary Society
Verlag Société d'Etudes des Sciences Naturelles (SESNNG)
Band 74
Heft 12
Seiten 448-453
Projektinformation MEESST (EU, H2020, 899298)
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 28.07.2021
Schlagwörter MEESST, Reentry, Superconductors, HTS, MHD
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