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The influence of tactical formation on physical and technical match performance in male soccer: A systematic review

Forcher, Leon 1; Forcher, Leander 1; Wäsche, Hagen 1; Jekauc, Darko 1; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; Altmann, Stefan 1
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

The number of investigations that specifically address the influence of formation on soccer performance has increased in recent years. Since there is no overview that summarizes these effects, this systematic review aims to synthesize the available literature on the effects of tactical formation on physical and technical match performance. According to the PRISMA 2020 guidelines, a systematic search was performed (Databases: PubMed and Web of Science). Studies were included, if they reported any physical (e.g., sprinting distance) or technical (e.g., number of passes) match performance parameters and compared at least two different formations. The study outcomes were synthesized descriptively. The effect of formation on physical performance was investigated in ten studies while three studies investigated the effect on technical performance (11 studies included). The studies revealed that formation has an effect on the physical and technical match performance of soccer players both in a team and at a positional level. On a team level, smaller differences were observed for formations that are similar in the number of players in each playing position (i.e., 4-5-1, 4-2-3-1). ... mehr

DOI: 10.1177/17479541221101363
Zitationen: 11
Web of Science
Zitationen: 9
Zitationen: 12
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2022
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1747-9541, 2048-397X
KITopen-ID: 1000147701
Erschienen in International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Verlag SAGE Publications
Band 18
Heft 5
Seiten 1820-1849
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 23.05.2022
Schlagwörter Association football, playing position, team sport
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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