KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

Potential of low-temperature aquifer thermal energy storage (LT-ATES) in Germany

Stemmle, Ruben ORCID iD icon 1; Hammer, Vanessa 1; Blum, Philipp 1; Menberg, Kathrin ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


More than 30% of Germany’s final energy consumption currently results from thermal energy for heating and cooling in the building sector. One possibility to achieve significant greenhouse gas emission savings in space heating and cooling is the application of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) systems. Hence, this study maps the spatial technical potential of shallow low-temperature ATES systems in Germany. Important criteria for efficient ATES operation considered in this assessment encompass suitable hydrogeological conditions, such as aquifer productivity and groundwater flow velocity, and balanced space heating and cooling demands. The latter is approximated by the ratio of heating and cooling degree days, which is incorporated as a time-dependent criterion to also evaluate the impact of climate change on the ATES potential. The hydrogeological and climatic criteria are combined within a spatial analysis revealing that, regarding the upcoming decades, about 54% of the investigated German area are very well or well suitable for ATES applications, largely concentrating on three regions: the North German Basin, the Upper Rhine Graben and the South German Molasse Basin. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000152239
Veröffentlicht am 03.11.2022
DOI: 10.1186/s40517-022-00234-2
Zitationen: 3
Zitationen: 5
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2022
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2195-9706
KITopen-ID: 1000152239
Erschienen in Geothermal Energy
Verlag SpringerOpen
Band 10
Heft 1
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 24
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 17.10.2022
Schlagwörter Aquifer thermal energy storage, Potential study, Heating energy, Cooling energy, Climate change, Degree days
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Relationen in KITopen
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page