Origamis are translation surfaces obtained by gluing finitely many unit squares and provide an easy access to Teichmüller curves. In particular, their monodromy represenation can be explicitely determined. A general principle for the decomposition of this represenation is exhibited and applied to examples. Closely connected to it is a dynamical cocycle on the Teichmüller curve. It is shown that its Lyapunov exponents, otherwise inaccessible, can be computed for a subrepresentation of rank two.