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Catalytic upgrading of fast pyrolysis bio-oils applying nickel-based catalysts

Carriel Schmitt, Caroline

Motivated by the population growth, climate change and limited fossil fuel resources, renewable alternatives for fuels and chemicals production are becoming more and more important. Biomass, especially residual lignocellulosic biomass shows a significant potential as feedstock for bioenergy, due to its high carbon content and short-term availability. Among the thermochemical conversion technologies, fast pyrolysis for biomass liquefaction can be considered already well stablished, as several commercial plants are spread worldwide. However, fast pyrolysis bio-oil, the main product of fast pyrolysis, currently shows limited bioenergy application as boiler fuel for heat production. It can be explained by its chemical composition and properties, as fast pyrolysis bio-oil is an acidic multi-component product, with low energetic density due to its high content of water and oxygenated compounds. Moreover, wood is the only feedstock currently used commercially.
In order to expand the feedstock range and application viability, an additional upgrading treatment may be required in order to improve the fast pyrolysis properties, meeting existing fuel standards. ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000127623
Veröffentlicht am 07.01.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Publikationstyp Hochschulschrift
Publikationsdatum 07.01.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000127623
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Umfang XVIII, 294 S.
Art der Arbeit Dissertation
Fakultät Fakultät für Chemieingenieurwesen und Verfahrenstechnik (CIW)
Institut Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Prüfungsdatum 16.10.2020
Referent/Betreuer Porf. N. Dahmen
Schlagwörter catalyst, biofuel, hydrotreatment, bioenergy, bioeconomy
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