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Synthetic biology – The next phase of biotechnology and genetic engineering. Summary

Sauter, Arnold; Albrecht, Steffen; Doren, Davy van; König, Harald ORCID iD icon; Reiß, Thomas; Trojok, Rüdiger; Elsbach, Sebastian


For a good ten years now, the term "synthetic biology" (Synbio for short) has been used to describe research projects, methods and procedures for a "transformation" of natural organisms that goes further than was previously possible with the help of genetic engineering. The creation of (completely) artificial "biological" systems (synbio in the narrow sense) is envisaged, although their practical use is still a long way off and is therefore unlikely to have much social and political relevance in the coming years. The situation is quite different with synbio in the broader sense - understood as the next stage of biotechnology and genetic engineering, which includes in particular the recently developed methods of so-called genome editing (including CRISPR/Cas). Due to the increasingly simple and faster possibilities of targeted molecular biological modification of known organisms, a large number of applications in microorganisms, plants and animals can be expected in the coming years. As expected, the debate on the responsible use and necessary regulation of genetic engineering gained momentum in autumn 2015. ... mehr

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000137286
Veröffentlicht am 21.10.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2364-2599
KITopen-ID: 1000137286
HGF-Programm 48.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Knowledge society and knowledge policy
Verlag Büro für Technikfolgen-Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag (TAB)
Umfang 22 S.
Serie TAB Working report ; 164
Externe Relationen Siehe auch
Schlagwörter Biology; Technology assessment; Biological safety; Biotechnology; Research; Research project; Genetic engineering; Synthetic biology
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